How to Grow an Emergency Garden: Step-by-Step Guide

An emergency garden is a great resource for those who want to be more self-sufficient, and it’s an essential part of every home’s survival plan.

If your goal is to feed yourself in case something terrible happens, this might be the most important article you’ll ever read.

In this article, we are going to explain everything you need to know about how to grow an emergency garden right in your backyard.

Why you should have an emergency garden

How to grow an emergency garden

These are a few of the advantages of having an easily accessible emergency garden:

  1. Having extra produce in your kitchen is always a plus, especially if you constantly run out of supplies or have visitors.
  2. If something were to happen to your main supply of vegetables, fruits, or herbs, then you would be more than happy that these seeds are still fresh and ready for harvest.
  3. Having an emergency garden will allow you to provide food and resources on your own without relying on others, which has many benefits, such as independence and security.
  4. Not only will it allow you and your family to have food security, but it also will provide you with a little bit of regular medication and medical supplies as well.
  5. Having an emergency garden set up can help if there was ever a crisis or natural disaster that caused your regular grocery store to close down for some time.

It’s always good practice knowing how to survive in any climate and soil type.

What you need for planning a vegetable garden for two people

To make it easy for most people, I’ll explain a simple plan to create an emergency garden for two persons.

To begin with, you’ll need to decide what you’d like to plant. I recommend growing vegetables that can be eaten fresh and fruit that grows on a tree or bush. The next important thing is to figure out how much space you’ll need for your emergency garden and I’ll give some examples:

An average person consumes about two pounds of potatoes, carrots, or other root crops per week. They also eat about one pound of leafy greens per week.

Here are some examples of what could be planted for an emergency garden that should last, on average, two persons one year:

  • 6 tomato plants (but if your partner doesn’t like tomatoes, you can substitute with green beans, cucumbers, or other fresh produce)
  • 18 rows of carrots (18 carrots per row times 6 plants equals 108 carrots)
  • 5 cucumber plants
  • 2 squash plants (note: if your spouse doesn’t like squash, you can substitute with other fresh produce)
  • 4 green pepper plants
  • 8 onion/garlic sets
  • 1-2 heads of lettuce

Planting these vegetables would give you a large variety of fresh produce to choose from. If your family likes tomatoes, green beans, cucumbers, squash, or onions/garlic you’ll have enough to eat well and have some leftovers for trade with your neighbors or for sale locally.

These planters are about 2′ x 4′, giving you about 192 square feet of growing space. There are many ways to go about building these planters, but the easiest is to buy the wood needed to make them.

One 2″ x 4″ x 12′ will give you enough lumber for 9 planters that are 2′ x 4′ feet. Between your local hardware store and a Home Depot you should be able to find a 12′ post that is 2″ x 4″. You’ll also need to buy screws or nails at the hardware store, as well as wood glue if you want.

In addition to your emergency garden for two, I would recommend trying to grow some corn, beans, and squash together in one planter. By planting these three vegetables together in one planter you’ll have a great combination, and the beans will provide support for the corn stalks.

The next thing to consider is where you’re going to be able to place your emergency garden. It’s preferable if it’s placed in a sunny area that gets at least six hours of sun per day. The next best area would be one that gets about 5 hours of sun per day.

The soil will need to drain well, however, if your garden is planted in an area where the water tends to pool, you can solve this problem by building up the low areas with rocks or boards or even buckets filled with dirt.

What is the requirement to grow an emergency garden

Requirements to grow an emergency garden

An emergency garden can be grown in any environment.

All you need are:

  1. Seeds
  2. Soil
  3. Sunshine
  4. Water
  5. Basic gardening tools like gloves, spade, and shears

These are the main elements to grow your emergency garden, and as long you have them, you can grow your garden indoors or outdoor.

Any fruit or vegetable needs a certain requirement to be grown.

Here are some tips on how to grow certain fruit and vegetables:

How to grow tomatoes

The easiest thing to grow is tomatoes because they basically take care of themselves.

How to grow tomatoes for an emergency garden

For example, provide water when necessary but don’t over-water them, or else the fruit will rot before it ripens.

How to grow strawberries

Strawberry plants have runners which produce new stems with roots that you can cut off and transplanted elsewhere in your yard or garden.

If you want more strawberries, allow the runner to root itself then transplant after harvesting.

How to grow lettuce

Lettuce is very easy to grow.

Just make sure you don’t plant it in the same place more than once every three years because lettuce is known to absorb minerals.

So you need fresh soil when replanting the next time around.

How to grow pepper

Pepper plants can be easily grown from seed, making them a great choice for people who want something that can produce heavily throughout the season.

How to grow herbs

If you’re really into cooking and baking, you should definitely consider growing your own herbs at home because they enhance flavor in any dish or recipe.

It’s effortless because all you have to do is put them in an indoor pot with rich compost, which will get sunlight through a window.

So when you’re going to start a survival garden, the first thing is that every plant has different requirements for the growing period of time, soil, and type of sunlight.

There are several different types of gardens you could start for use in emergencies.

Still, the most important thing to do before choosing which type is right for you is to figure out what kind of space you have available and whether or not it will get enough sunlight and care every day.

How to grow herbs for an emergency garden

With that being said, there are plenty of ways you can have an emergency garden, even if you are unsure about how exactly this process works.

How to grow an emergency garden

Although many people consider the idea of having an emergency garden, they often find that the amount of work involved with planting seeds is too much for them to handle or that they lack the knowledge required when it comes to growing anything successfully.

it’s simpler than you think, and here is a step by step instruction:

1. Find a place where you want to grow your emergency vegetable garden

You will need an area that gets at least 8 hours of sun and is not waterlogged or shaded by trees.

You can grow them indoors throughout the winter months if you don’t have adequate outdoor space available.

2. Make sure that the space is weed-free and clear of any debris

Clear out any debris from the space you want to plant your garden to make preparing the soil easier.

3. Prepare the soil by adding compost or other organic material such as peat moss

Add a layer of compost deep and work it into the top few inches of soil with a spade, shovel, or tiller. This should be all the preparation needed for most plants – if there are plants that require special soil preparation, do it before planting.

4. When you are ready to start your plants feel free to build a greenhouse

This will help your plants grow faster and healthier by providing them with more sunlight, better soil quality, and more of the water they need.

5. Plant your seeds or seedlings

When you are planting seeds, plant them in a pattern so you can tell where they are when they start coming up. Every variety will have a unique size and color, from small leaves, large leaves, white flowers, etc…

6. Water your garden daily

If you haven’t had any rain for a few days, water more frequently.

7. Pick the vegetables as they mature

Pick the vegetables and use them, or you can freeze them for later use.

Growing vegetables for an emergency garden

Important emergency garden guidelines you need to know

  1. You can grow a green garden in a greenhouse, and you can use a greenhouse to help speed up the growth of your green garden.
  2. When the time comes to plant, be sure that you never push down or break off any of the roots when planting and that you cover them with soil carefully.
  3. Remember to add fertilizer every month so your Green Garden will continue to thrive.
  4. Be sure not to put large trees in your green garden since they will take away from many of the vegetables you are attempting to grow by taking much-needed sunlight from them.
  5. To avoid the foliage in your garden from getting too hot during summer, you should consider installing a canopy or trellis to provide shade.
  6. You will also need enough water available for everything’s survival, but this may not be as easy if there is an excess of direct sunlight in some areas.


An emergency garden is a great way to have food in the event of a crisis, food shortage, or natural disaster. It will provide you with fresh produce and other healthy foods that would be hard to come by during these times.