If you or your partner loves cooking, you should know how to grow dill in your garden. It’s one of the must-have ingredients in any kitchen!
Regarded as both a spice and a herb, it’s botanically known as Anethum graveolens and is commonly seen in Southeast Asia.
Those feathery leaves, fragrance, and sweet taste makes it an amazing addition to a lot of dishes. You may use it for preparing salads, sauces, or vegetables. You may also use the dill seeds in pickles, bread, coleslaw, etc.
If you want to know how to grow dill in a garden, then read on. I’ll explain everything you need to know about growing dill in your backyard.
- 1 How to Grow Dill in the Garden
- 2 Tips for Dill Plant Care
- 3 Best Dill Growing Conditions
- 4 Common Problems of Dill Plants
- 5 Best Varieties of Dill to Grow
- 6 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- 7 Final Thoughts
How to Grow Dill in the Garden
Choosing and Preparing the Right Spot for Planting
Choose the spot that receives full sun and has well-drained soil. The soil should also be rich in organic substances.
Dill prefers to grow between neutral (6.5) and slightly acidic (5.8) soil. If the garden soil lacks organic carbon, then you can incorporate compost or other organic materials.
As companion plants, you can plant onions or cabbage next to dill but not with carrots. You can also plant fruit trees, tomatoes, sweet peppers, strawberries, thyme, and chilies. As a result, both of them will receive benefits.
Dill plants attract honeybees that can aid in pollination. Also, the aroma is known to repel spider mites and aphids.
Since these plants are light and have weak steam, you should protect them from strong winds.
When to Plant Dill
A lot of people aren’t sure when to plant dill because of the imbalance in soil temperatures.
First, you’ll need to find the best dill seeds for planting. Once you choose the variety for your garden, directly sow the seeds into the soil. You should sow them once the risk of frost is over (even during the tail-end of winter).
The soil temperatures should be between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. If everything goes well, then the seeds will germinate within 14 days.
To get a constant supply of dill, you can continue planting dill once every 2 weeks.
Growing Dill from Seed
Growing dill from seed is very easy if you can provide favorable conditions for germination. Sow the seeds approximately 1/4-inch depth from the surface and 18-inch apart from each other.
If the moisture level is in the right condition, then the seeds will germinate and young plants will appear within 14 days.
At the mature stage, these bushy plants grow up to 4 feet tall and grow a single stem with beautiful umbrella-shaped greenish-yellow flowers.
If you germinate the seeds indoors, then move them to the garden once the frost ends.
Tips for Dill Plant Care
- Water the dill plants a lot directly into the soil during the growing season. The soil should not stay dry for a prolonged period.
- For fertilization, it’s better to use organic fertilizers and compost. Since you’ll be using them in dishes and salads, you should avoid using chemical fertilizers.
- Eliminate any unnecessary plants around the dill as they will compete for nutrients and moisture.
- You can grow them in a container that is 12 inches in depth.
- If you want to continue receiving a fresh supply of these plants for a longer period, then you should sow dill seeds for planting once every few weeks.
- It’s better to harvest these plants when the plants start flowering. At this stage, the plant has the best flavor.
- You should harvest the older leaves at first and then the newer leaves.
Best Dill Growing Conditions
- Dill plants thrive best in well-drained, organic, and slightly acidic soil.
- It is better not to try transplanting them. You should directly sow their seeds to grow.
- If you decide to grow them indoors, it will become hard. Because it is tough to provide them with abundant sunlight.
- The grower should harvest these plants when they start producing flowers.
- At the end of its growing season, collect the seeds. You can use these seeds to grow dill again.
Common Problems of Dill Plants
- Leaf yellowing – Leaf yellowing is normal during the winter when temperatures drop abruptly. Dill plants set the seeds at the end of this season completing the life cycle. Also, excess fertilizer can turn the leaves yellow.
- Dull leaves – Lack of sufficient sunlight can cause dulling. These plants require 6 to 8 hours of full sun.
- Carrot motley dwarf – It is a disease, which is transmitted by aphids. It is responsible for stunt growth and yellow leaves.
- Downy mildew – It is a fungal disease and causes spots on foliage.
There are some other common pests for dill plants, such as cutworms, armyworms, parsley worms, and caterpillars.
Another common pest that infests dill is called root-knot nematodes. They usually attack and damage the root system.
Best Varieties of Dill to Grow
- Fernleaf – These dill plants grow well in pots. You do not have to worry about bolting.
- Bouquet – It is a large variety and produces many seeds.
- Mammoth – It is a tall variety. You may regard this as a great one for culinary and pickling uses. People use this variety in fish dishes, soup, and salads.
- Hercules – The leaves of this variety are coarser. The plant takes a longer period for flowering.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Is dill a perennial plant?
No. It is an annual herb.
How much sun does dill need?
Dill requires full sun to grow.
When should I harvest the dill?
It is better to harvest these plants when flowers start appearing. In this period, these plants have the best taste.
Is it possible to grow dill indoors?
In that case, you must supply them with abundant sunlight, which is quite difficult. That’s why I suggest you grow them outdoors.
I hope that you are now clear about growing dill in your garden.
After you harvest these plants, store them in the fridge. You may also use a plastic bag for preservation at 32 to 41 degrees Fahrenheit.
I prefer to preserve them by mincing the herbs. Then I place it in a ramekin, cover it with oil, and close the lid. Finally, I store it in the refrigerator. You may also do the same because it maintains the freshness and flavor of the plants.