How to Make a Succulent Garden: Indoors and Outdoors

Starting an outdoor succulent garden is a great way to decorate your backyard. You learn how to make a succulent garden and start by planting various succulent species in the ground or containers.

The best part about succulents is that they are hardy,resilient and easy to take care of. You don’t need to show too much attention to them. You just need to water them once or twice every fortnight.

How to Start a Succulent Garden

What is a Succulent Garden?

What is a Succulent Garden?

Succulents are fleshy plants because they store water in their stems and leaves. You can find them in different shapes, sizes, colors, frills, and beautiful spirals and rosette patterns. 

While most succulents are green, some produce fascinating flowers with stunning colors. Some of the common types of succulents are: 

  • Aeonium
  • Aloe Vera
  • Cacti
  • Jade
  • Echeveria
  • Ghost Plant
  • Haworthia
  • Sempervivum.

Different species have different requirements of temperature, light, and soil. 

Most succulents prefer mild climates, where temperatures don’t fluctuate excessively. If you live in a colder or hotter  climate, you should make a succulent garden indoors or grow them in a container.

How to Make a Succulent Garden

How to Start a Succulent Garden?

Growing succulents is immensely satisfying and easy. It’s a great way for beginners to get into gardening since succulents don’t require a lot of maintenance.

They are long-lasting plants and can survive just fine with little water. But be careful not to give it water excessively as it can kill them.. 

Now, let’s talk about how to start a succulent garden both indoors and outdoors.

Indoor Succulent Garden 

Indoor Succulent Garden

Before you start a succulent garden inside your home, it’s best to prepare a list of items. What you need are:

  • Scissors
  • Containers with holes (for drainage)
  • Your chosen succulent species
  • Potting mix with organic and coarse materials
  • Decorative marbles, stones, or gravels


1. Succulents have a shallow root system. That’s why they can thrive well in a small container. But you have to be careful about the drainage holes. Make sure that the container has holes to drain excess water from the mixture. Drill or poke some holes if the container does not have some at the bottom.

2. Cover the drainage holes with a cloth, fabric, or coconut fiber.

3. Add the potting mixture to the container. You should always get coarse-sized gravels, perlite, or pumice to allow for better drainage. You can also buy a succulent or cactus mix from a nursery.

4. Now, plant your succulents in the container. You can add one or more species to the same container because there will be very little competition among them.

5. Once the succulents are planted, you can add decorative gravels on the top and place the container at a bright, well-lit location.

Outdoor Succulent Garden

Outdoor Succulent Garden

For an outdoor succulent garden, you should have the following materials:

  • Perlite or pumice and organic materials
  • Spade
  • Your favorite succulent species


  1. To start a succulent garden outdoors, you need to make raised beds or improve the drainage. 
  2. Remember that if you want to grow succulents outdoors, you should be aware of extreme temperature fluctuation. Though some species of succulent can withstand heat and sun, the majority cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. 
  3. Choose a place that is warm and receives 4-5 hours of direct sunlight.
  4. Use a spade and dig into the soil. Then replace the soil with the materials mentioned above.
  5. Carefully place the succulent species into the ground.
  6. Water these plants once every week during the summer months.

Tips to Grow Your Succulent Garden

Tips to Grow Your Succulent Garden
  • Always try to maintain their native conditions (i.e., their original condition). Summer and spring are regarded as their ideal growing seasons.
  • Never make the soil soggy because these plants cannot withstand stagnant water.
  • Succulents cannot seek out essential nutrients from deeper layers since they have a shallow root system. That’s why you should fertilize them occasionally. Without nutrients, the plants will turn yellow and stop growing. Also, they will lose their impressive appearances. But feeding should be minimal.
  • You should never place the plants under direct sun for a longer period. Place them in a place that receives a few hours of sunlight.
  • While growing the succulents in a container, never overcrowd them. Overcrowding can slow down the growth of plants. They will compete for nutrients, water, and space.
  • Mealybugs can be a problem for some succulents. Use isopropyl alcohol for the treatment.
  • Before planting succulents, do some research. Different species have different requirements. Some are sensitive to hot temperatures, while others cannot withstand cold climates. This is why it’s important to choose the right species for your garden. As a beginner, you should start with Aloe, Jade, Zebra Cactus, or Donkey’s Tail.
  • You don’t have to worry about pruning and repotting because succulents are slow growers. However, when the roots become too crowded, you should repot the plant to a bigger container. 
  • Always remove dead and dried-up leaves from the stem because these leaves can attract fungus and cause fungal infection.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can I grow succulents in a container without making holes?

It will not drain excessive moisture. As a result, the roots may rot.

Do succulents grow better in rocks than soil?

It is always a good idea to use a mixture of both for growing succulents. Using only rocks is not a good idea as they do not contain any nutrients.

Can I grow succulents in clay soil?

No. Clay soil does not drain quickly and retains excessive moisture.

Final Thoughts

Succulents are very easy to grow, and almost anyone can grow them in containers or on the ground. Two things that you must remember while growing them are drainage and light. If you can provide them with favorable conditions, they will thrive happily.